Elections (Corrupt and Illegal Conduct) Ordinance
(ECICO), the donor of any amount over HK$1,000 (US$128) must provide his
name and address for a
receipt, otherwise the donation cannot
be used for election expenses. Those receipts, and a summary schedule of names,
addresses and amounts donated, must then be filed with the Government within 30
days of the election using a
Section 41 of the ECICO entitles anyone to go
down to an
office in Wanchai and inspect the
returns, or obtain a photocopy on payment of HK$0.50 per page. I quote:
(3) If a person asks for a copy of
an election return or part of a return kept under this section, the
appropriate authority must provide the person with such a copy, subject to
payment of a copying fee not exceeding an amount calculated in accordance
with a rate fixed in accordance with subsection (4).
On 25-Apr-07 we exercised such statutory right,
and asked for a copy of the election returns (without the supporting receipts)
of the respective candidates for Chief Executive in the recent election.
The purpose of these filings on donations is
obviously to provide transparency by enabling everyone to see which people and
companies are financing election campaigns. For that purpose to be fulfilled, it
must be possible to identify the donors from the information. In a shocking
development, the Government has unilaterally
blacked-out the addresses of the
individuals who donated, leaving only their names, which are often far from
The document provided to me by the REO in
respect of each candidate was not a copy of the election return, but a copy of a
censored, black-lined document derived from the election return, in which the
addresses of individual donors had been deleted. So I submit that the REO has
broken the law by failing to comply with section 41(3) of ECICO.
I checked with Alan Leong who confirmed that
the returns he submitted complied with the law, that is, the addresses were not
blacked out, and I assume the same is true of the other candidate, so this
censoring was done by the Government. Mr Leong also confirmed that his office
did not request the black-out.
By comparison, in 2005's uncontested election,
did not black-out donor addresses, many
of which were office addresses anyway. Click on the links in this e-mail to see
scanned versions of what I received.
The black-out makes it much harder to identify
the individual donors. For example, how many people in Hong Kong are called
"Richard Lee" or "Thomas Chan"? It makes a mockery of the whole exercise. If
what they provided qualifies as a "copy" then it logically follows that even if
they had blacked out the entire document, it would still qualify as a "copy".
Clearly that would be nonsense. I was not given a copy of the return. I was
given a copy of a black-lined document derived from the return.
Now you might be thinking that the Government
will claim that the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance (PDPO) prevents
them publishing the address. It doesn't, because the PDPO (which was already in
force in 2005, the last time I obtained an uncensored election return) does not
override other laws, such as the ECICO. We were not making a "data request" when
we obtained the copy. We were exercising a statutory right to require one.
Also, even if the PDPO did apply, from a
practical perspective, anyone who gives more than $1,000 to a politician's
campaign should know that their donation and identity will be made public in an
election return and that they are supplying the data for that purpose. The donor
implicitly consents to the disclosure, and that is part of the trade-off for
being able to donate money to politicians.
Please require the REO to rectify this by
providing me with copies of the actual returns, not censored derivatives
David M Webb
After we filed the above complaint with the Ombudsman, the REO changed its
mind, and provided us with copies of the original returns. The Ombudsman
wrote in its response to us:
"we consider REO to have over-reacted...REO should have sought
further legal advice, before introducing any change at all to election returns,
as they are required for public inspection." (their emphasis)
Both the redacted and the clean copies of the filings can be
found in the Election
Disclosures section of Webb-site.com.